Shaba National Reserve

Although Shaba is greener than Samburu, game species such as giraffes and zebras are less common. There are many klipspringer and hyrax in the hills. Aardvarks, warthogs and bat-eared foxes make their homes in domed termite mounds in the shrubland. Common elands, impalas, Bright's gazelles and gerenuks (or giraffe gazelles) graze the shrubs, and zebras, oryxes and greater and lesser kudus graze in the grasslands. Shaba is well known for its large prides of lions, which doze under thickets of toothbrush trees during the day. At night, predators include golden and black-backed jackals, striped and spotted hyenas. The reserve is home to rare species that include the reticulated giraffe, Somali ostrich and the endangered Grevy's zebra. Other fauna include leopards and elephants.
Bird life is plentiful in Shaba, and similar to that of the Samburu and Buffalo Springs National Reserves. The near-threatened and poorly known Williams's Lark is found in the reserve in regions of rocky lava semi-

desert with low Barleria shrubs. It has not been seen in any other protected area. The reserve lies on the migration route from the Palearctic for the globally threatened Lesser Kestrel, a few of whom pass through each year. Shaba is also home to regionally threatened birds that include the sporadically visiting African Darter and Great Egret and the resident White-headed Vulture, Martial Eagle and Yellow-billed Oxpecker, the last of which is fairly common.